FAQ's   at 22light


Global Investors

Global Investors: Global Developers Basic of Property Investment

1. Who are the prominent international players in the Indian Market ?

Since the Real Estate Sector was opened for Global Investors in 2005, there are several Renowned Private Equity investors & Renowned Developers in the Indian Real Estate Sector

With the Further relaxation of FDI norms, the participation is only expected to improve.

Major Funds entered IndiaBlackstone, Abu Dhabi Investments
Global Architect in IndiaUS based HOK architect, US based Pei Cobb Freed & Partners, DP architects and Hellmuth Obata Kassabaum Inc
Engineering, Procurement & contracting firms UK based Severfield stuctures tied up wth JSW steel ; Fluor, Bechtel, Brookfield, AECOM
Project management consultantsMACE, Parson Brinkerhoff, Louisberger
Material suppliersOTIS, PERI, hilti
Facilities Management ServicesLeading international property consultants

2. What are the Indian Government Real Estate laws for International Developers or Investors ?

Indian Government Action to ATTRACT FDI in Construction

A reduction in the size of projects eligible for FDI from 50,000 sqm to 20,000 sqm and halving the minimum investment limit for FDI to $5million.


  • 100% FDI allowed in Townships, Construction, Logistics, Parks / Warehousing, Hospitals, Hotels
  • Exit on project completion or 3 years from the date of final investment subject to the development of trunk infrastructure (roads, electricity, water, etc

International Global Funds


From the perspective of choice on instruments, the flavor of investments changed from preferred equity to structured debt, and several funds today are keen to act pure play lenders. There is also keen interest to look at real estate focused NBFCs and few players like Xander, Red Fort and others have set up their NBFCs, while a few of the other larger players are gearing up to set up the NBFCs. The listed NCD route that allows foreign institutional investors to purchase listed debt securities issued by a private real estate company has become increasingly popular.


From an exit perspective, unlike some of the developed markets where REITs play an important role in the exit strategy, exits in the Indian context are modeled in a combination of the following ways:

  1. Self-liquidation: Typical for residential projects where the cash flows from the project are up-streamed to the shareholders.
  2. Puts and buy-back: Investor may require their shares to be purchased by the Indian investee company or the founders.
  3. IPO: Fairly rare as most investments are in project specific SPVs with self-liquidating assets. Real estate companies are not particularly in favour of IPO as an exit for several reasons such as stock price may not correctly reflect the value of the real estate asset held by the company, most real estate companies are closely held and are not keen at being regulated or having stakeholders they are not comfortable with.
  4. Sale of GP interest: Not very common, but helps the GP to monetize their interests in the fund management business. For instance, IL&FS Investment Managers Ltd (IIML) acquiring Saffron Asset Advisors Pvt Ltd in 2010 and

International Developers

Strict and Prolonged Regulatory process leading to DELAYs

According to the report of the committee on streamlining approval procedures for Real Estate (SAPREP) set up by the ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, a developer has to follow at least 34 regulatory processes to obtaining construction permits and it takes an average of 227 days.

To address the issues in granting construction permits, the Government is evaluating the single window clearance mechanism.

Several Cities in India such as Ahmedabad, Chennai, Cochin, Madurai, Ghaziabad, pune, Trivandrum, delhi and kozhikhode have already implemented the automated system for approving building plans.


Transfer of real estate in India is subject to stamp duty (in the nature of transfer tax payable to the revenue) which is payable on the instrument for transfer of real estate. Stamp duty differs from State to State. The rate of stamp duty varies depending on the transaction. For instance, the sale of real property in Maharashtra is required to be stamped at 5% of the consideration paid by the buyer. Note that the consideration for the purpose of stamp duty and registration cost cannot be lower than the price prescribed by the State Government, even though the actual sale may be transacted at a lower valuation. Transfer of real estate would also be subject to capital gains tax as set out in the Income-tax Act, 1961. The rate of capital gains tax would depend on the period of holding the asset under consideration. Income tax Act makes provision for taxation of income arising from international transaction between associated enterprises.


Successful property investing calls for CAREFUL PLANNING ensuring Investment Balance:

  • Capital safety
  • Investment returns
  • Capital Liquidity
  • Longterm CAPITAL GAINS ( 5 years)

The Basic Criteria in Property Selection CHECK LIST:

  • Capital appreciation @ 10% p.a.
  • Location of Property
  • Invest in a Growing area or distress buy in Established area
  • Property have general amenities
    • Within – Swimmings pools, open area, parks, playgrounds for KIDS
    • Around – Nature like beach, garden , parks, shopping malls, etc
  • Scope of expansion
  • Cost of Maintainance
  • Tent mix
  • Property tax
  • Weather friendly surroundings
  • Support staff & Middle class travel – property should have access to public transport
  • Availability of schools, educations and hospitals
  • Has scope for business and companies
  • Where large companies and corporate relocate or exist.

Our Core Services

  • Property Clear Title Research & Development
  • Property Market Cycle Analysis
  • Property Valuation
  • Location Analysis
  • Project Modelling & Branding
  • Project Management
  • Arbitrations & Auction Management
  • Negotiations & Deal Closure Management
  • Acquisitions/JV/Disposals
  • Sustainable Development
  • Lease Management
  • Township Analysis
  • Portfolio Valuations
  • Portfolio occupational cost analysis

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